Types Of Composting – 🌱 And More To Know!
Types Of Composting: In our past blogs, Mr Waster always discusses with you the importance of composting.
For today’s blog, we will further elaborate composting, focusing on its types and their differences.
All About Waster
Before we continue with the main topic on types of composting, let me first discuss with you Waster.
We here at Waster provide you with innovative solutions for you and your business’s waste management and recycling needs. Additionally, we provide flexible, 30-day contracts instead of the typical lock-in contracts, which proves to be better.
Click on the blue button to learn more.
Types Of Composting: What Is It Used For?
Composting, in layman’s term, means breaking down organic material. We use composting for the following reasons:
- For the environment – as human beings sharing the same Earth, we should be more responsible in managing our waste. But how can we do that? Well, one thing you could do is by composting! Composting helps divert waste from landfill.
- For your garden – composting also benefits your garden tremendously! It enriches your backyard with nutrients. According to recyclenow, it “improves soil structure, maintains moisture levels, and keeps your soil’s pH balance in check while helping to suppress plant disease.”
Three Types Of Composting
Currently, there exist three types of composting.
The first type of composting I will discuss today is aerobic composting.
Aerobic composting means using microorganisms requiring oxygen to decompose organic matter. Generally, air breaks down materials in a quicker way. These microorganisms I mentioned live in the moisture surrounding the organic matter. Additionally, the aerobic microorganisms produce carbon dioxide, ammonia, water, heat and humus.
The most common type of aerobic composting is the Heap method. First, the organic matter needs to be divided into three different types and to be placed in a heap. Furthermore, composters cover them with a thin layer of soil or dried leaves. Composters need to turn it once every few days to allow proper air circulation in the process. The heap also needs to be varied every week for conversion to happen. Mixing needs to be done every 15 days, and there is no fixed time in order to know if the compost is ready.
Contrary to aerobic composting, anaerobic composting is a type of composting that does need oxygen in the process.
It also takes longer to decompose organic matter if anaerobic composting is used, as compared to aerobic composting. It usually takes months – or even years – for the process to happen and typically occurs in a landfill. This process also does not need supervision unlike aerobic composting wherein you need to turn it in order for the air circulation to flow properly.
This type of composting produces methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Obviously, this means that anaerobic composting, if done in the wrong way, poses a huge threat to the environment.
One type of anaerobic composting farmers have been using for centuries is the Bokashi composting. Unlike modern composting wherein composters now use heat and soil microbes to break down materials, Bokashi composting uses beneficial microbes. It typically takes 4-6 weeks before the Bokashi composting process is completed. It also allows all types of food scraps to be composted, and not just the plant-based food waste.
One more type of composting, called vermicomposting, uses earthworms to enhance the composting conversion process and produces a better by-product.
By-products of vermicomposting, called vermicompost, consists of processed straw, husk, leaves, stalks, and weeds. Additionally, other ingredients used to create vermicompost include livestock wastes, poultry litter, dairy wastes, food processing wastes, organic fraction of MSW, bagasse, and digestate from biogas plants.
The earthworms eat up 40-60 per cent of the volume of organic waste. Here, I will share with you some benefits of vermicomposting and using vermicompost:
- Improves plant growth
- Puts an end to diseases in plants
- Increases porosity and microbial activity in the soil
- Improves water retention and aeration
Waster’s Services Offered In Composting
Here at Waster, we offer businesses who want to boost their recycling performance our organic waste bin. By using our bin, we ensure the following:
- You pay exactly what you asked for – and not a dollar more! For your waste management and recycling needs for organic waste composting – or any other type of materials – avail our flexible, 30-day contracts instead of those long, unproductive, and hidden fee-containing lock-in contracts.
- Designed for small and medium businesses – we help you reduce cost while boosting recycling. That’s a win-win situation!
- On-time and reliable – we provide fully-accredited logistics and facility operators. By saying so, we ensure the safety and efficiency of our services.
Other Benefits In Waster’s Organic Waste Bin Collection
Other benefits, as included from our past blog on organic waste, includes the following:
- Potential cost savings – significant amounts of food or organic waste in general waste bins can significantly increase the weight of the bins and hence the cost of collection. If the food-waste can be separated from the General Waste you could receive considerable discounts on your General Waste bins. As the weight and the volume in General Waste will be reduced, you may be able to reduce a service per week etc. You should also remember that if the food waste is removed, the bin will not smell as much and hence may not need to be collected as regularly. Check out our blog on wheelie bin cleaning for more info in this regard.
- Improved recycling – organic waste can be diverted to an organic waste management facility where the waste can be diverted from landfill and even turned into electricity for the grid or used to produce useful by-products such as compost. There are major investments occurring in Australia in recent years in such facilities – often called resource recovery facilities.
- Health and safety improvements – heavy bins are the primary cause of push and pull injuries such as strains. By removing organic and food waste from General Waste bins – the average weight of your larger bins will decrease (food waste is picked up in smaller bins such as 120-litre bins). This is one of the easiest ways to reduce injuries, particularly if you have to move large bins around your sites.
Types Of Composting: Conclusion
Different types of composting are available depending on what is needed. Consider these three (aerobic, anaerobic, and vermicomposting) types of composting next time you have organic waste in your hands.
If you’re looking for some other bins, check our waste recycling shop and find the best deals in terms of pricing and services.